Mediator Design Pattern in C++

Mediator design pattern demo

Discussion. Though partitioning a system into many objects generally enhances reusability, proliferating interconnections tend to reduce it again. You can avoid this problem by encapsulating the interconnections (i.e. the collective behavior) in a separate “mediator” object. A mediator is responsible for controlling and coordinating the interactions of a group of objects.

In this example, the dialog box object is functioning as the mediator. Child widgets of the dialog box do not know, or care, who their siblings are. Whenever a simulated user interaction occurs in a child widget Widget::changed(), the widget does nothing except “delegate” that event to its parent dialog box mediator->widgetChanged(this).

FileSelectionDialog::widgetChanged() encapsulates all collective behavior for the dialog box (it serves as the hub of communication). The user may choose to “interact” with a simulated: filter edit field, directories list, files list, or selection edit field.

#include <iostream.h>

class FileSelectionDialog;

class Widget
{
  public:
    Widget(FileSelectionDialog *mediator, char *name)
    {
        _mediator = mediator;
        strcpy(_name, name);
    }
    virtual void changed();
    virtual void updateWidget() = 0;
    virtual void queryWidget() = 0;
  protected:
    char _name[20];
  private:
    FileSelectionDialog *_mediator;
};

class List: public Widget
{
  public:
    List(FileSelectionDialog *dir, char *name): Widget(dir, name){}
    void queryWidget()
    {
        cout << "   " << _name << " list queried" << endl;
    }
    void updateWidget()
    {
        cout << "   " << _name << " list updated" << endl;
    }
};

class Edit: public Widget
{
  public:
    Edit(FileSelectionDialog *dir, char *name): Widget(dir, name){}
    void queryWidget()
    {
        cout << "   " << _name << " edit queried" << endl;
    }
    void updateWidget()
    {
        cout << "   " << _name << " edit updated" << endl;
    }
};

class FileSelectionDialog
{
  public:
    enum Widgets
    {
        FilterEdit, DirList, FileList, SelectionEdit
    };
    FileSelectionDialog()
    {
        _components[FilterEdit] = new Edit(this, "filter");
        _components[DirList] = new List(this, "dir");
        _components[FileList] = new List(this, "file");
        _components[SelectionEdit] = new Edit(this, "selection");
    }
    virtual ~FileSelectionDialog();
    void handleEvent(int which)
    {
        _components[which]->changed();
    }
    virtual void widgetChanged(Widget *theChangedWidget)
    {
        if (theChangedWidget == _components[FilterEdit])
        {
            _components[FilterEdit]->queryWidget();
            _components[DirList]->updateWidget();
            _components[FileList]->updateWidget();
            _components[SelectionEdit]->updateWidget();
        }
        else if (theChangedWidget == _components[DirList])
        {
            _components[DirList]->queryWidget();
            _components[FileList]->updateWidget();
            _components[FilterEdit]->updateWidget();
            _components[SelectionEdit]->updateWidget();
        }
        else if (theChangedWidget == _components[FileList])
        {
            _components[FileList]->queryWidget();
            _components[SelectionEdit]->updateWidget();
        }
        else if (theChangedWidget == _components[SelectionEdit])
        {
            _components[SelectionEdit]->queryWidget();
            cout << "   file opened" << endl;
        }
    }
  private:
    Widget *_components[4];
};

FileSelectionDialog::~FileSelectionDialog()
{
  for (int i = 0; i < 4; i++)
    delete _components[i];
}

void Widget::changed()
{
  _mediator->widgetChanged(this);
}

int main()
{
  FileSelectionDialog fileDialog;
  int i;

  cout << "Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: ";
  cin >> i;

  while (i)
  {
    fileDialog.handleEvent(i - 1);
    cout << "Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: ";
    cin >> i;
  }
}

Output

Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: 1
   filter edit queried
   dir list updated
   file list updated
   selection edit updated
Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: 2
   dir list queried
   file list updated
   filter edit updated
   selection edit updated
Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: 3
   file list queried
   selection edit updated
Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: 4
   selection edit queried
   file opened
Exit[0], Filter[1], Dir[2], File[3], Selection[4]: 3
   file list queried
   selection edit updated

Code examples