Simplifying Method Calls

These techniques make method calls simpler and easier to understand. This, in turn, simplifies the interfaces for interaction between classes.

Problem: The name of a method does not explain what the method does.

Solution: Rename the method.

Problem: A method does not have enough data to perform certain actions.

Solution: Create a new parameter to pass the necessary data.

Problem: A parameter is not used in the body of a method.

Solution: Remove the unused parameter.

Problem: Do you have a method that returns a value but also changes something inside an object?

Solution: Split the method into two separate methods. As you would expect, one of them should return the value and the other one modifies the object.

Problem: Multiple methods perform similar actions that are different only in their internal values, numbers or operations.

Solution: Combine these methods by using a parameter that will pass the necessary special value.

Problem: A method is split into parts, each of which is run depending on the value of a parameter.

Solution: Extract the individual parts of the method into their own methods and call them instead of the original method.

Problem: You get several values from an object and then pass them as parameters to a method.

Solution: Instead, try passing the whole object.

Problem: Before a method call, a second method is run and its result is sent back to the first method as an argument. But the parameter value could have been obtained inside the method being called.

Solution: Instead of passing the value through a parameter, place the value-getting code inside the method.

Problem: Your methods contain a repeating group of parameters.

Solution: Replace these parameters with an object.

Problem: The value of a field should be set only when it is created, and not change at any time after that.

Solution: So remove methods that set the field’s value.

Problem: A method is not used by other classes or is used only inside its own class hierarchy.

Solution: Make the method private or protected.

Problem: You have a complex constructor that does something more than just setting parameter values in object fields.

Solution: Create a factory method and use it to replace constructor calls.

Problem: A method returns a special value that indicates an error?

Solution: Throw an exception instead.

Problem: You throw an exception in a place where a simple test would do the job?

Solution: Replace the exception with a condition test.