Bridge Design Pattern in PHP

In the Bridge Design Pattern, functionality abstraction and implementation are in separate class hierarchies.

In this example we have BridgeBook which uses either BridgeBookCapsImp or BridgeBookStarsImp. BridgeBook will assign one implementation or the other each time BridgeBook is instantiated.

The bridge pattern is helpful when you want to decouple a class from it’s implementation.

<?php

abstract class BridgeBook {     
    private $bbAuthor;
    private $bbTitle;
    private $bbImp;
    function __construct($author_in, $title_in, $choice_in) {
      $this->bbAuthor = $author_in;
      $this->bbTitle  = $title_in;
      if ('STARS' == $choice_in) {
        $this->bbImp = new BridgeBookStarsImp();
      } else {
        $this->bbImp = new BridgeBookCapsImp();
      }
    }    
    function showAuthor() {
      return $this->bbImp->showAuthor($this->bbAuthor);
    }
    function showTitle() {
      return $this->bbImp->showTitle($this->bbTitle);
    }
}
 
class BridgeBookAuthorTitle extends BridgeBook {    
    function showAuthorTitle() {
      return $this->showAuthor() . "'s " . $this->showTitle();
    }
}  
 
class BridgeBookTitleAuthor extends BridgeBook {    
    function showTitleAuthor() {
      return $this->showTitle() . ' by ' . $this->showAuthor();
    }
}
 
abstract class BridgeBookImp {    
    abstract function showAuthor($author);
    abstract function showTitle($title);
}

class BridgeBookCapsImp extends BridgeBookImp {    
    function showAuthor($author_in) {
      return strtoupper($author_in); 
    }
    function showTitle($title_in) {
      return strtoupper($title_in); 
    }
}

class BridgeBookStarsImp extends BridgeBookImp {    
    function showAuthor($author_in) {
      return Str_replace(" ","*",$author_in); 
    }
    function showTitle($title_in) {
      return Str_replace(" ","*",$title_in); 
    }
}

  writeln('BEGIN TESTING BRIDGE PATTERN');
  writeln('');
 
  writeln('test 1 - author title with caps');
  $book = new BridgeBookAuthorTitle('Larry Truett','PHP for Cats','CAPS');
  writeln($book->showAuthorTitle());
  writeln('');

  writeln('test 2 - author title with stars');
  $book = new BridgeBookAuthorTitle('Larry Truett','PHP for Cats','STARS');
  writeln($book->showAuthorTitle());
  writeln('');

  writeln('test 3 - title author with caps');
  $book = new BridgeBookTitleAuthor('Larry Truett','PHP for Cats','CAPS');
  writeln($book->showTitleAuthor());
  writeln('');

  writeln('test 4 - title author with stars');
  $book = new BridgeBookTitleAuthor('Larry Truett','PHP for Cats','STARS');
  writeln($book->showTitleAuthor());
  writeln('');

  writeln('END TESTING BRIDGE PATTERN');

  function writeln($line_in) {
    echo $line_in."<br/>";
  }

?>

Output

BEGIN TESTING BRIDGE PATTERN

test 1 - author title with caps
LARRY TRUETT's PHP FOR CATS

test 2 - author title with stars
Larry*Truett's PHP*for*Cats

test 3 - title author with caps
PHP FOR CATS by LARRY TRUETT

test 4 - title author with stars
PHP*for*Cats by Larry*Truett

END TESTING BRIDGE PATTERN

Code examples